June Watson Benjamin, United Auto Workers International
Gayle E. Davis, Independent Management Consultant
Deidre Flowers, Ph.D., Independent Scholar
Stephanie Renee Payne, Professor, University of Southern California | President
Byron C. Saunders, Independent Consultant
Vera E. Sims, Educator, NYC Department of Education
Paulette J. Tabb, Educator, NYC Department of Education
Yvonne Dennis Wakim, Author; Native American Rights Activist |Treasurer
Karen D. Taylor, ex-officio
Alexa Birdsong, Co-founder, Jazz at Lincoln Center
Herb Boyd, Scholar-Historian-In-Residence; Professor, CUNY; Author; Journalist; ActivistMarie Brown, Literary Agent, Marie Brown Associates
Carmen Cruz, Independent Curator
Monica L. Gray, Conference and Event Planning Director National Urban League;
National Minority Suppliers Development
Professor Jamal Joseph, Columbia University
Marline A. Martin, Greene County Council on the Arts
Professor Rosemari Mealy, City University of New York
Professor Mark Naison, Fordham University
Stephen Robinson, MD, MPH, Private Practitioner
Cheryl Scott, MD, MPH, Private Practitioner
Professor Emeritus Michael Thelwell, W.E.B. Du Bois Afro-American Studies Department, University of Massachusetts
FOUNDER AND EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Karen D. Taylor
Karen is driven by her passion to bring the cultural history of Harlem to the forefront of now, and to keep it relevant for generations to come. Inspired by the national discussion on “gentrification,” she is moved to steward the creation of programming that wraps the arts and humanities in a package that is a gift to the future. She consults as the director of public history for Columbia University/Teachers College's Harlem Education History Project.
Karen has served as interim director for the Roundtable of Institutions of Color, housed at the Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service, New York University, a research arm of the school that was devoted to assessing the state of African American and Latino communities. Karen has also served as managing editor for Scholastic Books and Amistad Press. As a fundraising development professional she worked for the Bronx Museum of the Arts, the Feminist Press at the City University of New York (CUNY), and the Brecht Forum.
She has also conceptualized and produced academic conferences, concerts, and workshops for institutions that include the Apollo; Teachers College; Barnard; the CUNY Graduate Center’s Office of Continuing Education and Public Programming; New York University; and the Center for Law and Social Justice at Medgar Evers College. These events ranged from Women of Color: The Forgotten Members of the City, to Pops: Celebrating the Centennial of Louis Armstrong, to If You Live In Harlem, Please Don’t Breathe Deeply, regarding air pollution in urban environments. While at the Feminist Press, she conceptualized and developed a fully funded educational program that used the Press's publications to develop curriculum for incarcerated women at Bedford Hills Correctional Facility.
She has also curated art exhibits, including "After the Flypaper: Harlem In Words and Images (1955-2018)," "The Harrises of Harlem: Eight Generations—The Mildred Harris Collection" and "Jazz Notes: A Tribute to an African-American Art Form."
She is also a multi-genre artist, who has appeared as a vocalist and poet at the Schomburg’s Women In Jazz series; and at Transart’s Jazz In the Valley, she premiered a spoken-word/music tribute to Jayne Cortez, "A Jazz Fan Looks Back." Ms. Taylor has also performed as a playwright in the New York International Fringe Festival. She received a commission from Harlem Stage’s Fund for New Work; and grant support from the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council.
She also worked in various editorial capacities for the University of North Carolina, Audubon Magazine, and Taylor & Francis-an academic and scientific publisher, as well as others. As an adjunct professor of English at the College of New Rochelle, she taught writing and composition. Her essay, "Still Occupied: My Report on the Safety of My Sons," published in Transition Magazine was cited in the Notable Essays and Literary Nonfiction Category, in 2016 Best American Essays, edited by Jonathon Franzen.
She holds an MFA in Writing (Creative Nonfiction) from Vermont College of Fine Arts, and a BS in African-American Literature from the State University of New York, Empire State College.
She has been a Harlem resident for more than thirty years.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
June Watson Benjamin
June has spent close to thirty years as a labor organizer and activist making a profound difference in the lives of workers in higher education, advocacy organizations, publishing, cultural institutions, manufacturing, and the public sector in New York and Connecticut. She has been a part of the team in many organizing campaigns throughout her career.
She began organizing with District 65 at Columbia University, where the clerical unit waged successful battles for unionization and fought against wage discrimination. Out of District 65, an amalgamated union, UAW-TOP Local 2110 (the Local), was formed. June was a founding member and, along with her colleagues, made the working lives significantly better for workers at Columbia University. Through collective bargaining, the union was at the forefront, advocating for employer- supported childcare for working parents. The union’s efforts won childcare subsidies for the members at Columbia. This was a first! As a result of this victory, they opened the doors for workers with other employers in higher education and beyond. Another major achievement pioneered by this union was the establishment of same-sex, domestic-partner coverage benefits at the Village Voice and then at Columbia University at the beginning of the 1990s.
June’s passion was fueled by this power and influence over working conditions. She maintained an elected position as a board member of the local union and was a staff organizer throughout many years. She was lead negotiator for the inion at the ACLU, NYCLU, Church World Service and Witnesses, Interfaith Center for Corporate Responsibility, the Feminist Press, and Amsco School Publications. Appreciated for her skills in grievance handling, she was hired by Cornell University-ILR School- Labor Studies, to teach “Effective Grievance Handling.”
Her job duties and role were expanded when she joined the staff of the International Union, UAW as international representative. She became an advisor, representative, and negotiator to UAW local unions within the region. Some highlights of that career, include her standing as lead negotiator for part-time faculty at the New School and for adjunct faculty at New York University. June also served as staff representative for manufacturing employees, auto technicians, airport cleaners, printers, bookstore workers at Strand Bookstore, legal-services workers, Legal Aid attorneys and Connecticut municipal workers.
She has also engaged in a labor of love, as an organizer for many civil rights causes, and has been a champion for “Get Out the Vote” in practically every election, locally and/or nationally, for many years.
Gayle is a seasoned professional with more than twenty-five years of executive experience in the nonprofit sector with emphasis in strategic partnerships, diversity, and board leadership.
Yvonne Wakim Dennis
An award-winning author of nonfiction books for children and adults, Yvonne interweaves environmental and social justice into all she writes and credits her diverse family for piquing her interest in an inclusive and multicultural world. Although most of her publications have been about Indigenous peoples of the U.S., she has also penned books about Arab Americans and the many different cultures of the country. She serves as the Education Director for the Children’s Cultural Center of Native America, an educational program that seeks to eradicate racism and stereotypes about First Peoples and is the founder/former director and current board secretary of Nitchen, Inc. an advocacy organization for Indigenous families in the New York City metro area. Yvonne is a board director and educational coordinator of Coopdanza, an interdisciplinary art, media and educational non-profit that supports the power of dance, with a focus on Indigenous styles. An active member of the Bank Street Writers Lab, she also belongs to the Wordcraft of Native Writers and the Radius of Arab-American Writers. A founder of her local block association, she is an opponent of gentrification, which she sees as contemporary colonialism. She is a lecturer, workshop facilitator, and consultant for many different organizations. In 2014, Yvonne received the National Arab American Museum’s Best Children’s Book of the Year Honor (A Kid’s Guide to Arab American History), a Sanaka Award and the David Chow National Humanitarian Award.
Deidre is a higher-education professional with administrative and teaching experience in the public and nonprofit sectors. She earned her doctorate from Columbia University in 2017. Her work centers on African American women in education. Deidre’s additional research interests include Historically Black Colleges and Universities, women’s higher education, student protest and activism, and higher- education leadership. Her dissertation, “Education in Action: The Work of Bennett College for Women 1930-1960,” argues that Bennett College intentionally sought to educate socially conscious and civically engaged citizens during the twentieth century, who worked to improve African Americans’ quality of life domestically and abroad.
A lifelong resident of Harlem, Deidre has recently contributed to the Association of Black Women Historians’ Black Women and the Archive essay project. “Searching for Mildred Louise Johnson: Harlem’s First Private School Proprietor and Advocate for Progressive Education” discusses the challenges she faced researching and recovering the contributions of Mildred Johnson and her private school, founded in 1934, that served students and families in the Harlem community for sixty-five years. An article on Johnson and her work at The Modern School, “A School for Modern Times: Mildred Louise Johnson and the Modern School of Harlem,” will be published in the Fall 2020 issue of the Journal of African American History. Additionally, in July 2020, Deidre was selected by Columbia University as a member of the eighth cohort of the A’lelia Bundles Community Scholars Program. During her Scholar appointment, she will conduct research and gather oral histories for a book on Mildred Johnson and The Modern School.
Deidre has taught in the History and Education program at Teachers College, Columbia University; the History department at Manhattan College; and the higher-education administration program at William Paterson University. Deidre is also an alumna of Hampton University and Syracuse University.
Stephanie Renee Payne
Stephanie's relationship with Harlem began when she was part of the churchgoing community of the venerable St. James Presbyterian Church. Stephanie is founder and CEO of One Woman One Voice Project, a certified life coach, and author of ESP: Extreme Self-Pampering for the Soul. She has written numerous essays and short fiction, which are featured in Hunger Mountain, Shadowbox, For Harriet, and others. Stephanie was invited to give a TEDx Talk, where she discussed limiting cultural constructs. Stephanie has taught creative writing at the New School University in New York City, and is currently completing a memoir, Unbroken: One Daughter's Journey. She holds an MFA in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts.
Byron C. Saunders
Byron is an independent arts-management consultant, helping artists and arts organizations with grants administration, fund development, marketing, public relations, event planning, and capacity growth and development. Among his many career accomplishments, he has served as executive director of the Queens Historical Society; and as acting assistant director of the Louis Armstrong House Museum located in Corona, Queens. As executive director for the Wyckoff Association/Wyckoff Farmhouse Museum—the city and the state’s oldest historic landmark, built in 1652, he ensured that it would remain a national treasure.
Byron has served on many arts panels including: the National Endowment for the Arts; the New York Foundation for the Arts; the Department of Cultural Affairs/NYC; the Georgia Council for the Arts; the City of Atlanta Department of Cultural Affairs; the Fulton County Arts Council; and the Southern Arts Federation. He has also served with distinction on several boards including: the Lewis Latimer Fund; Other Voices Literary Group; the Harlem Theater Company; and the Louis Armstrong Archives.
His extensive theater credits include directing the Best Play of the 2016 One Festival, Marlene Goes to Hollywood. Mr. Saunders was also executive director of the Frank Silvera Writer’s Workshop and won an Obie Award for playwriting development. He was also general manager for Black Spectrum Theater.
Vera E. Sims
Vera is a retired educator, who was employed by the New York City Department of Education (DOE) for twenty-eight years as a curriculum writer, professional developer, teacher trainer, and middle-school instructional specialist. She is also a poet and visual artist, who studied at the School of Visual Arts. Vera also worked with the LeAp Public Arts Program, which provides students from targeted, public, middle schools a platform to showcase their artistic talents and generate awareness of important issues facing their communities. She was a member of the curatorial team for the "Harrises of Harlem Show: Eight Generations," a WWSH photo exhibition.
Vera is also a co-founder of Sister/Sister—an organization that provides artists the opportunity to showcase their talents for the “soul support” of bringing to the forefront issues that effect the African-American community. She has also been a panelist for the New York State Council of the Arts.
Vera received a B.A. in education from Hampton Institute, an M.A. from City College in education, and earned credits toward a second M.A. in museum education, through Bank Street College.
Paulette J. Tabb
Paulette is a native of Brooklyn, New York, and has a passion for the arts and literature. She earned a BA in speech and theater from Brooklyn College and an MA in education from City College. After a career in the theater, Paulette became an educator in the New York City Department of Education for more than three decades. Upon her retirement she continues to serve in numerous capacities, supporting cultural and educational organizations within her community.
BOARD OF ADVISORS
Alexa is a co-founder of Jazz at Lincoln Center and served as the director of programming for My Image Studios (MIST). Alexa was also director of arts and cultural programing for the City Parks Foundation, and was Central Park’s Summer Stage’s executive producer. She is a former Harlem resident.
Herb is a journalist, activist, and professor, who has authored or edited twenty-three books, including his most recent one, Black Detroit: A People's History of Self Determination. He is also the author of Civil Rights: Yesterday and Today. His book, Baldwin's Harlem: A Biography of James Baldwin, was a finalist for an NAACP Image Award. He, along with Robert Allen, received an American Book Award for Brotherman—The Odyssey of Black Men in America, An Anthology. We Shall Overcome, a media-fusion book with narration by the late Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee, is used in classrooms all over the world, as is his Autobiography of a Peopleand The Harlem Reader.His articles can be found in such publications as the Black Scholar, the Final Call, the Amsterdam News, Cineaste, Downbeat, and the Network Journal, among others.
Mr. Boyd has scripted several documentaries, including several with Keith Beauchamp, on cold cases of martyrs from the Civil Rights era that were shown on the Biography Channel and TV One. With filmmaker Eddie Harris, he was the writer on three documentaries—“Trek to the Holy Land,” “Cri de Coeur (Cry from the Heart)”, and “Slap the Donkey” that tracks the Reverend Al Sharpton's presidential bid in 2004. The latter film was shown at the Montreal Film Festival.
For more than forty years, he has taught at institutions of higher learning. Currently, he teaches at the City College New York (CCNY). He serves on the board of trustees at the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History in Detroit, Michigan.
Marie Dutton Brown
Marie is president of Marie Brown Associates, a literary services agency. She is one of a small group of African American literary agents and publishing consultants. A veteran of the book business for five decades, Marie has worked as an editorial assistant and book editor, bookseller and bookstore manager, editor-in-chief of a magazine, book-marketing strategist, and literary agent. She has worked with clients like Susan Taylor, Faith Ringgold, Tom Feelings, and Carl Weber.
Carmen is the director of the Silent Procession for Puerto Rico. She is also a curator and interior designer, who was born in Juana Diaz, Puerto Rico and raised in the Bronx from the age of five. She was a member of the curatorial team for the "Harrises of Harlem Show: Eight Generations," a WWSH photo exhibition. Art and anything that entailed creativity was evident at an early age. From the moment she held a pencil, she was always drawing. However, coming from a very political family (her father was mayor of Juana Diaz) Carmen decided to focus less on art and more on political activism by joining Mayor John Lindsay’s campaign. That led to her involvement in the war against poverty and community involvement throughout New York City, always with the intention of ensuring that Puerto Ricans receive all rights as US citizens, as well as the right to preserve their culture and heritage.
Carmen majored in social services at the Columbia School of Social Work, but realized that her heart was in the creative field. After earning a BFA degree, she curated numerous Latin artists’ exhibits in colleges, alternative spaces, and created exhibit spaces, e.g., the School of Labor Relations at Cornell University in New York City, Sawdon and Bess Advertising Agency, Wendy’s, and the Museum of Caribbean and Hispanic Art (MOCHA) in SoHo. Carmen made history by curating the first exhibit of Latin artists in the show, “Affinity: Seven Latin Artists at the Wooster Gallery, a commercial SoHo gallery. She earned as MFA from the School of Visual Arts.
For many years Carmen worked in advertising as an art buyer and senior account executive. She later opened her own business, On The Money Interior Design, which included general contracting and residential/commercial design. Today the company operates on a consultant basis.
Despite all of the twists and turns of her journey through life, one thing has remained the same, and that is preserving the Puerto Rican culture and heritage, and offering her support for other communities to do the same for their culture and heritage.
Monica L. Gray
Monica lives her life with Purpose and Passion, and is a bridge between the powerful African American consumer demographic and corporate America. For more than three decades, her vigorous outreach to Fortune 500 companies and others seeking sponsorship/branding opportunities to leverage Black buying power, has resulted in many millions of dollars. Monica is a veteran funding professional, and, because of her winning personality, she has established numerous one-on-one relationships with key decision makers in major multinationals.
Her outstanding talent is evidenced by the individuals and organizations that have benefitted from the fact that her professional raison d’etre is to alter the landscape to ensure that the buying power of African Americans is fully acknowledged by all members of the corporate community. These members include media outlets, marketers, and major companies across the nation that benefit from the African American consumer base. Her life’s work as a fund-raiser for various African American companies and initiatives is central to who she is.
Currently, her focus is on continuing to strengthen the sponsorship-attaining capacity of organizations in African American communities. Monica’s past and current successes to fortify the bonds between high-profile organizations of color and their partners in the top echelons of American business, include:
National Urban League (Marc Morial);
Rainbow PUSH (Jesse Jackson);
National Action Network (Reverend Al Sharpton); and
National Minority Supplier Development Council (Dr. Harriet Michel).
At present, she oversees prospecting and growing new partnerships for the National Urban League’s large annual conference.
Additionally, Monica has established herself as a Special Event Planner, par excellence, and is an indispensable resource for conceptualizing and managing all logistical aspects of conferences, award dinners, concerts, golf outings, and art auctions. She has an exemplary history of attaining high-level national speakers and entertainers that include Presidents Bush and Clinton, Senator Barack Obama, Gladys Knight, and Brian McKnight.
She has consulted with the Police Athletic League, the New York/New Jersey Minority Purchasing Council (NYNJMPC), and the Tribal Arts Gallery. Monica served as a member of the Board of Directors for the Police Athletic League (PAL), and as secretary for the NYNJMPC. She has also volunteered as an English/Writing tutor for New York City public school’s after-school programs.
She attended Brooklyn College as a dual major in Creative Writing for Television/ Radio, and English.
Jamal has written and directed for Black Starz, HBO, Fox TV, New Line Cinema, Warner Bros., and A&E. His produced screenplays include Ali: An American Hero (Fox), New York Undercover (Fox), Knights of the South Bronx (A&E), and The Many Trials of Tammy B. (Nickelodeon). He wrote and directed Drive By: A Love Story, Da Zone, and the docudrama Hughes Dreams Harlem for Starz. He produced the film Chapter & Verse starring New Heritage Theatre Group’s Artist-in-Residence Daniel Beaty. Jamal is currently co-executive producing and writing a dramatic musical for BET; and adapting his memoir, Panther Baby (Algonquin Books), into a feature screenplay, which he will direct.
He is Professor of Professional Practice at Columbia University School of the Arts in the Film Department; and former chair of Columbia University’s Graduate Film Division. He serves as the artistic director of the New Heritage Theatre Group in Harlem and executive director of New Heritage Films, a not-for-profit organization that provides training and opportunities for minority filmmakers. Joseph is a three-time winner of the National Black Programming Consortium’s Prize Pieces Award, a two-time winner of the Black Filmmaker Hall of Fame Award, a winner of the International Film and Video Association Award, and a recipient of the New York Fine Arts Fellowship.
Marline A. Martin
Marline is the executive director of the Greene County Council of the Arts. She is a multi-genre artist, who is an actor and a writer. She received an MFA in Creative Writing from City College.
Mark is a professor of history at Fordham University in New York. He was a former political activist who was a member of CORE and SDS in the 1960s. He is a graduate of Columbia University and holds a Ph. D. in American History. His publications include White Boy: A Memoir and Communists in Harlem During the Depression.
Stephen S. Robinson, MD, MPH
Stephen is a physician and community advocate, with extensive experience in academic medicine and public health. His clinical career has spanned nearly four decades. It includes positions in the City University of New York (CUNY) Medical School as executive assistant to the dean, Dr. George I. Lythcott, and interim director of the CUNY Physician Assistant Program at Harlem Hospital Center. He has served as resident advisor, HIV/AIDS, in the United Republic of Tanzania with the Mailman School of Public Health of Columbia University, where he supported Columbia's President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) initiative to support the development of Tanzania’s national HIV/AIDS infrastructure. He has led a number of health projects in West Africa and served on the medical advisory committee for the group, Operation CrossRoads Africa, founded by the late Reverend James H. Robinson, pastor of the Church of the Master, and a former resident of 409 Edgecombe Ave.
Stephen received his medical degree from the School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle,Washington and an MPH with a concentration in international health from the School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland. He completed his internship and residency at Columbia University-Harlem Hospital Center in the Department of Medicine, under the direction of Dr. Gerald E. Thomson.
His long-standing commitment to the Harlem community’s development has been demonstrated by his membership in the Health Action Resource Center (HARC), his service on the board of directors of the Religious Committee on the New York City Health Crisis, as vice-chair of the Health Committee of Manhattan, Community Board Nine, and as chair of the Community Advisory Board of the Columbia/Harlem Hospital Prevention Research Center.
As a resident of 409 Edgecombe Avenue since 1980, he worked with the Tenants' Association to organize and prevent the building, then in New York City's Tenant-Interim-Lease (TIL) Program, from being sold to real estate developers. Stephen was president of the 409 Tenants’ Association when it purchased this landmark building from the city in 1995 to become a tenant-owned Housing-Development Fund Companies (HDFC) Cooperative.
Cheryl Scott, MD, MPH
Cheryl is a veteran, international health practitioner, who began practicing medicine in1983, just two years after the first cases of HIV/AIDS defined a pandemic whose impact is greater than smallpox. Her varied interests led her to work in clinical-HIV trials in Roosevelt Island, New York; practice with homeless, shelter residents in Harlem; examine post-disaster, reproductive impacts on women residing near Three Mile Island; and help residents post-disaster recovery in St. Croix. She recognized early on the critical role of integrated systems of health, education, labor, and security in determining health futures. These experiences fueled her passion for public service. In 1993 Dr. Scott joined the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and was assigned to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC).
While at CDC, she continued an international career that led her to work in Cote d’Ivoire, India, Kenya, Jamaica, Tanzania, Lesotho, Ecuador, and Haiti. While in Tanzania, she established and led a $34 million CDC HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment program that laid a cornerstone for Tanzania’s rapid scale-up of national services. Under her leadership, Tanzania initiated the first-ever, no-cost, national, antiretroviral treatment program, and provided antiretroviral therapy and monitoring to more than 10,000 Tanzanians by 2005. Cheryl has received numerous awards including international recognition for her work in Tanzania.
Since retiring from the U.S. Public Health Service in 2010, Cheryl has worked with low-income communities in South-Central Los Angeles and California’s Central Valley to increase access to the unprecedented opportunity of the Affordable Healthcare Act. She has also provided primary-care services to veterans at several Veterans Administration community-based outpatient clinics.
She received her bachelor of arts degree in biology from the University of California at Santa Cruz, her medical degree from Boston University School of Medicine, and her masters in public health from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health.
I didn’t really become Black until I set foot in this country. In Jamaica, I was simply a promising, very smart, very articulate young man. I got off the plane at La Guardia, and I became a Negro. Michael (later Ekwueme)w as born in Ulster Spring, Jamaica. After his father died, he and his two siblings were raised by their mother, who worked tirelessly to send them all to the best schools in Jamaica and the United States. Thelwell ultimately chose to attend Howard University in Washington, D.C.He enrolled in Howard University in 1960 and quickly became an active member of the Nonviolent Action Group (NAG), the campus-affiliate to SNCC. While NAG was not a recognized organization on Howard’s campus, Thelwell, Stokely Carmichael, Courtland Cox, and other NAG students protested racial discrimination in the nation’s capital. They were also active in sit-in protests in neighboring Maryland. During his sophomore year, Thelwell became the editor of the campus newspaper, the Howard Hilltop and used it to spread word of the Movement. As Carmichael remembered, “The Hilltop to which we all contributed became a sho’nuff overt organ of the student movement.”
Throughout his campus career, Thelwell’s involvement with SNCC deepened. In 1964, he became co-director of SNCC’s Washington office with NAG-member Bill Mahoney. He spent much of his time fundraising for SNCC. He also interviewed and recruited students for the 1964 Mississippi Summer Project.
Thelwell briefly went to Mississippi during the summer of 1964. Though he wanted to be a field organizer, “wear the blue jeans and run from the sheriff and do all the romantic kinds of things,” there was work to do in the capital. Following the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party’s challenge in Atlantic City that August, MFDP chairman, Lawrence Guyot, asked Thelwell to open an MFDP office in Washington. “So I had to turn around and go all the way back to Washington,” he remembered.
As director, Thelwell worked to secure commitments from the Democratic legislators to unseat Mississippi’s congressional delegation. Although he garnered the support of New York congressman, William Fitts Ryan, Hawaii congresswoman, Patsy Mink, and six others, the MFDP’s chances looked slim. In the end, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party received 147 votes in their favor. While the campaign was still defeated, the remarkable support they gained–as in the Atlantic City challenge–was important to opening up Mississippi’s “regular” Democratic Party.
Thelwell continued writing after his time in SNCC, aiming to be “historically and culturally very purposeful and very pointed…largely to reclaim and define our [Black] culture for ourselves.” He authored numerous short stories, as well as arranged Stokely Carmichael’s memoir, Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael.